Recent research indicates that cord blood unique advantages over traditional bone marrow transplants, especially in children, and perhaps saves on the rare occasion that a compatible bone marrow donor could be found. About 50% of patients who cannot find a bone marrow transplant, a compatible donor in the critical phase.
In some cases, the medical problems with own cord blood, and the availability of the treatment cell using stem cells from another donor, with the majority of which will be an unrelated donor. However, research has shown that stem cells from cord blood can also be used for siblings and other relatives of type matching network. Brothers have up to 75% chance of cord blood compatibility and even games for the elderly (50%) and grandparents.
Umbilical cord blood offers several advantages for donors and transplant patients. It is easy to collect, often the game is more suited to offer frozen and ready for use.
There are some advantages of Cord Blood Banking :
1. Cord blood banking is simple and poses no risk to the health of the mother or newborn.
Cord blood banking is safe and easy. New York Blood Center National Cord Blood Program staff to collect cord blood from the placenta is delivered in a way that does not interfere with maternal care or newborn. Collection poses no risk to mother or baby.
2. Umbilical cord blood is collected in advance and frozen tested, ready for use.
Cord blood banks are given in advance to anyone who may need in the future. All routine testing is completed and the units of frozen, ready for use. If a match is found, it can be directly placed. HLA typing and confirmation of the special examination is usually required within 5 days. Unlike bone marrow, no need to set the time, it may be necessary to find volunteers to decide whether he was always willing and able to contribute.
3. Umbilical cord blood transplants do not have to match.
Research has shown that cord blood transplants can be performed in cases where the donor and recipient are a compatible part. In contrast, bone marrow requires a 8 / 8 in most cases.
Because cord blood transplantation in a portion adapted can be performed, the probability of a patient’s cord blood donors has raised compatible. With cord blood banking, a relatively small donor pool can effectively support most patients’ needs. We have estimated, for example, which a national inventory of cord blood than 150,000 who received the matches at least 80-90% of patients in the United States.
4. Umbilical cord blood transplant associated with a low incidence of GVHD.
The immune cells in cord blood seem less likely than those with bone marrow from a donor who is not related to the patient’s own tissues (graft-versus-host disease).
5. Cord blood transplant is associated with lower risk of viral infections.
Cord blood is less likely that a number of common viruses such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in transplant patients occur in the hand. CMV is a latent virus in about half the adult population that is recognized by the United States, while less than 1 percent of children born with CMV.
Considering the advantages of cord blood banking, many expectant couples are opting to collect and store their family’s cord blood to safeguard their family’s future. Couples who cannot afford to pay for private cord blood storage may want to consider donating to a public cord blood bank.